Many people feel confused about what is Locomotor Disability. We often come across this term but it doesn’t ring a bell. Today we are going to explain this term in simple language.
Locomotor Disability means restriction in the movement of the limbs (i.e. arms and legs).
Strictly speaking Locomotor Disability means problem in moving from one place to another — i.e. disability in legs. But, in general, it is taken as a disability related with bones, joints and muscles. It causes problems in person’s movements (like walking, picking or holding things in hand etc.)
The term Locomotor is derived from the Latin words loco – “from a place” and motivus – “causing motion”. So locomotion means movement from one place to another.
And thus locomotor disability hampers movement from one place to another.
Locomotor disability is also known as mobility disability. In Hindi language it could be understood as “chalne firne mein asamarthata” or “chalan-sambandhi viklangta” or “asthi viklangta“.
Examples and Causes of Locomotor Disability
A number of medical conditions cause temporary or permanent locomotor disability. The most well-known example is polio. We all have seen how polio forces people to walk with crutches and use wheelchair. This is because polio usually weakens limb muscles and as a result the affected person will not be able to make unrestricted use of her legs and arms. Other cause of locomotor disability are:
- Amputation (removal of limb or a part of it) obviously becomes the cause of locomotor disability.
- Paralysis is caused due to a large number of reasons. And then paralysis often becomes the cause of locomotor disability.
- Cerebral Palsy
- Muscular dystrophy
- Short stature/ dwarfism
- Neurological conditions
- Cardiopulmonary diseases
Evaluation of Locomotor Disability
Functional impairment is measured for the estimation of locomotor disability.
Impairment is defined as any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function in a human being.
Impairment may cause functional limitations which are partial or total inability to perform these activities necessary for motor, sensory or mental function with in the range or manner of which a human being is normally capable.
We hope that now you know what exactly is locomotor disability. If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate in asking. Use the comments section for your feedback. Thank you for connecting with WeCapable!
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